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k5jri radio

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  1. Considering this (Urban Cowboy) was a major film that grossed nearly $50 million 1980 dollars (approx $165 million in 2021 dollars), a scene depicting southeast Texas with the San Gabriel Mountains visible in the background is a huge error that should have been corrected during post production. I'll add to the closing line of my original message by stating: "Texans expect movie or television portrayal of scenes representing locations in Texas to be at least reasonably accurate."
  2. The reason for filming scenes depicting Galveston TX in New Orleans LA is likely due to the better tax incentives the state of Louisiana offers compared to those the state of Texas offers. This is also the likely reason scenes depicting Galveston TX in the 2018 movie, GALVESTON, were filmed in Tybee Island GA. For accounting purposes, tax incentives are treated as income; the better the tax incentives, the higher the income. Cost of production in Galveston TX is probably comparable to cost of production in New Orleans LA or Tybee Island GA. In summary, when the costs of production are comparable, it makes good economic sense to chose filming locations in states offering the best tax incentives. The downside of filming scenes depicting places in Texas in other states is the possibility that many Texans expect scenes depicting Texas to be filmed in Texas.
  3. In the days before online shopping, many families within reasonable driving distance made annual or semi-annual shopping trips to downtown New Orleans. When I was a kid, I remember going with my parents to several large department stores in or near the central business district including D. H. Holmes and Maison Blanche. Most of these were day trips from New Iberia to New Orleans combined with visits to relatives who lived in Thibodaux (approximately 60 miles from New Orleans). New Orleans was also a popular location for annual conventions. These conventions typically lasted several days. The places I remember staying at (when I was a kid) are: Jung Hotel, Monteleone Hotel, and Tamanaca Downtown Motel. I also remember visiting the 33-storey International Trade Mart building at least once. It has since been repurposed with the new name, Four Seasons Hotel and Private Residences New Orleans.
  4. As a long time visitor to Galveston TX, I look forward to the possibility of a YouTube video featuring the Galvez Mall. From my perspective, this mall was an integral part of the overall Galveston experience. Feel free to contact me at any time if you want explanation or elaborations of anything I have posted. Best regards,
  5. Been there, done that lots of times via Houston I-45 to Galveston. Always wanted to take the ferry from Bolivar Peninsula to Galveston Island. Starting from Beaumont TX, it's about 80 miles and 2 hours driving time via the Bolivar Peninsula. The 2.7 mile ferry ride takes 18 minutes + 9 minutes average loading time either direction. When there is a long line of vehicles waiting to board, there may be a longer waiting time, depending on how many ferries are in service. By contrast, it's about 120 miles and 2 hours driving time from Beaumont to Galveston via I-10 & I-45. The route via I-10 & I-45 is efficient and convenient provided you avoid arriving in Houston during weekday morning or evening rush hour traffic.
  6. This is consistent with accrual accounting that does not recognize incoming payment from a buyer (in this case the tax incentive) as income until the goods or services are delivered to the buyer at some point in the future. Tax incentives affect income but not cost.
  7. Although there were no nationwide economic recessions during most of the 1980s (1982 to 1990), the 1980s recession affecting the greater Houston TX area (including Galveston TX) is well documented online. In the mid-1980s, I was offered a transfer from the Jacksonville FL location to the Houston TX location of GE ICES (Instrumentation Communication Electronic Services) Calibration Lab. To the best of my recollection, nothing was said during the interview process about economic recession conditions or other problems with the Houston area economy. I decided not to take the transfer offer because it was lateral (no promotion) and did not offer financial assistance for moving expenses. Had the transfer offer included financial assistance for moving expenses, it is likely I would have taken the offer. In later years, GE ICES and many other GE manufacturing and technical service components went away as GE transitioned from a leading manufacturing company with financial subsidiaries to a middling financial company with manufacturing subsidiaries.
  8. Tax incentives do not affect costs. Tax incentives are assets that are applied to revenue, once the product is completed and delivered. Assuming the respective costs of filming in Galveston TX and Tybee Island GA are comparable, Georgia offers more generous film production tax incentives, including the ability to aggregate tax incentives on several smaller projects. In addition, Georgia law allows unused tax incentives to be sold to other Georgia taxpayers. A typical selling price would be 90 percent of face value less brokerage fees, if any. Production companies, their owners, or their employees do not have to be Georgia residents or have bank accounts in Georgia.
  9. After watching the GALVESTON motion picture (2018) on Blu-Ray disc, then reading the GALVESTON novel (2010), it was interesting to watch the motion picture again. Nic Pizzolatto (credited as Jim Hammett) faced the initial challenge of adapting and condensing his 250 page novel into a suitable motion picture screenplay. Melanie Laurent (credited as director, not credited as screenwriter) was given broad authority to make changes to the screenplay during filming. In my opinion, the screenplay simplifies and clarifies events in the novel in a highly effective manner. Roy Cady (male lead character), is smart enough to anticipate and escape from the setup designed to eliminate him, but goes on to make several mistakes after leaving the New Orleans area: [1] contacting his former girlfriend (in person at her home) and thereby announcing his presence in southeast Texas, [2] telephoning the New Orleans physician who diagnosed his lung condition, & [3] telephoning his former boss and trying to extort money from him. The first mistake provided an eye witness with a motive for revealing his current whereabouts. The second mistake provides a telephone call that can be traced to his current location. The third mistake not only provides a way to trace his current location, but the attempt to extort money gives his former boss an even stronger motive to have him eliminated. The scene in the movie with a road sign indicating the distance between Beaumont (TX) and Galveston (TX) is approximately correct if the route taken is via the Bolivar Peninsula and the ferry connecting it to Galveston Island. The decision to film this movie at Savannah and Tybee Island GA was likely due to the tax incentive structure offered by the state of Georgia, compared to that offered by the state or Texas. Aesthetic considerations (the look and ambiance of Tybee Island GA versus the look and ambiance of Galveston TX) were less likely.
  10. As documented with text and photographs in earlier postings by various members, the interior and exterior of Galvez Mall (Galveston TX) was cosmetically renovated circa mid-1980s as part of a plan to convert it from a general purpose to a more upscale retail facility. Photographs (May 1976) show its exterior appearance at the approximate midpoint between its original opening (circa 1968) and its subsequent interior and exterior renovations. Photographs (July 1987) show its interior and exterior appearance after renovations. These renovations were (in my opinion) well executed, but ultimately ineffective for the stated goal of attracting tenants. The then general manager of Galvez Mall attributed this to a severe economic recession during 1986 & 1987. Although there were no nationwide economic recessions during this time period, there was a severe and prolonged economic recession in the greater Houston area beginning in the early 1980s and bottoming out in 1987. The recession was due to the collapse of petroleum prices and the consequent high unemployment rate. The greater Houston economy did not return to its pre-recession level until early 1990. To summarize: Galvez Mall opened in 1968 as a general purpose retail shopping mall with a mixture or large medium, & small retail stores, and a triple-screen movie theater. In circa 1986 it was sold and cosmetically renovated (interior & exterior) to attract more upscale tenants. In late 1994, Houston-based developer Steve Fincher (dba Baxstep Investments) purchased the mall, renamed it THE ISLAND, and attempted (without success) to market it as an outlet mall for retailers who sold discontinued and overstocked merchandise. Some taxing authorities (but not Galveston County) provided a 5-year tax abatement to this developer. Beall's (the last major tenant) left in March 1996 leaving only two smaller retail tenants, GNC and Ritz Camera. The Island Fellowship Church operated at the former Beall's location until mid 1997. Another non-retail tenant, Galveston County Model Railroad Club set up a working model train layout and held meetings inside the mall until sometime in 1995. Photographs (Oct 1996) show the mall's exterior appearance seven months after Beall's departed. The mall became derelict (probably during the latter months of 1997) until its demolition in 2000. The land is now occupied by two large stores, Home Depot and Target (each with its own building), as well as a several smaller stores arranged in a strip. Walmart is only 2.2 miles south at 6702 Seawall Blvd. The nearest multi-screen movie theater, Galveston Primetime, is approximately 3.8 miles away (from Home Depot & Target) at 8902 Seawall Blvd. According to a promotional excerpt from Galveston County The Daily News, island area real estate developer, Miguel Prida, recently purchased the theater. Access to the full article requires an online or print subscription to the newspaper.
  11. Having watched the GALVESTON motion picture (2018) on Blu-Ray, my next step was to read the novel (2010) it was based on. The GALVESTON novel has mostly good reviews from readers and literary critics. My hardcover with dust jacket copy in used/very good condition came from Thriftbooks, Dallas TX. The main characters in the novel (Roy Cady and Raquel Arceneaux) are complex and flawed, the "bad guys" they encounter are very bad. Most of the novel is set in 1988, told in first person by Roy Cady. Various flashbacks, also told in first person, provide background information on events in Cady's life that put him on the path to becoming a career criminal. The latter part of the novel is set in 2008, immediately before the approaching storm (Hurricane Ike) makes landfall at Galveston.
  12. Most readers who visit this area of HAIF probably know that Pontchartrain Beach in New Orleans was a privately owned amusement park located on the south shore of Lake Pontchartrain. The beach was artificially made by dumping sand along the shoreline adjacent to the park property. The hazards of water pollution, undertow, and submerged rocks (rip-rap) made the lake an unsafe area for swimming. The amusement park offset this by building two swimming pools adjacent to the shore. The lake provided an ambience for swimmers from the safety of a controlled water environment. To celebrate the completion of another school year, my 7th grade class traveled by chartered buses the 135 miles from New Iberia to New Orleans. Lots of fun including a movie (probably at the Saenger Theater) followed by several hours at Pontchartrain Beach. Most of us were tired out and slept on the bus at least part of the way back. Over time, declining attendance led to the park's closing circa 1982. Lake Pontchartrain is a salt water lake connected by The Rigolets (natural channel) to the Gulf of Mexico. In recent years, lake pollution has been greatly reduced. K5JRI Radio is proud to be a native born New Orleanian!
  13. My listening to KILE Radio (1400 kHz AM) on the car radio during my 1976 visits to Galveston was noted in an earlier post referring to its signal coverage and programming format. I have a clear recollection of a particular song I heard on KILE one afternoon: GIMME DAT DING, performed by The Pipkins (1970). Why this particular song stands out so clearly in my memory of listening to KILE that afternoon is an open question. As an aside, The Pipkins were a short-lived British novelty duo. GIMME DAT DING reached #9 on the US Billboard Hot 100 Chart in 1970. The present call sign (of the former KILE) since 1991 is KHCB (Houston Christian Broadcasters). Licensed to League City TX, its offices and studios are in Houston TX and its transmitter is in League City TX. Power is 1KW directional (same constants day and night). Maximum radiation is approximately north and south; minimum radiation is approximately east and west (pattern shape resembles an upright peanut with a slight tilt). The most powerful AM broadcasting station licensed to Houston TX is KTRH (The Rice Hotel), transmitting since 1942 on 740 kHz with a power of 50KW directional (different constants day and night).
  14. Due to the crowded conditions along and adjacent to the seawall during peak tourist season, I would be reluctant to ride a bicycle on the sidewalk adjacent to the seawall. Subject to weather conditions, bike riding is likely to be safer during the off season months when there are fewer tourists out and about. Fortunately, there are lots of good weather days in Galveston during the off season.
  15. The Blu-Ray disc of GALVESTON I own has audio tracks in English and French and is distributed by Mongrel Media, an independent Canadian film distributor. Jim Hammett (pseudonym for Nic Pizzolatto) is credited for the screenplay. Melanie Laurent, a prominent actress and filmmaker in France, directed the film (with extensive rewrite authority). Although Ms. Laurent is credited as director, she is not credited for the screenplay.
  16. The GALVESTON (2018) movie was based on the 2010 novel GALVESTON by Nic Pizzolatto with screenplay credited to Jim Hammett (pseudonym for Nic Pizzolatto). The movie was directed by Melanie Laurent (who made revisions to the original script). This 2018 movie had only limited distribution in the United States. As far as I know, the 2010 novel is the third novel with this title. The first being the 1976 novel by Suzanne Morris. I remember seeing the Morris novel displayed for sale at the Galvez Mall (Galveston TX) location of B. Dalton bookstore. The second is the 2000 fantasy novel by Sean Stewart in which a flood of magic takes over the island of Galveston. As of this posting, I have read the Galveston novels by Morris and Pizzolatto, but not the Galveston novel by Stewart.
  17. During my several vacation trips from Shreveport LA to Galveston TX (approx 285 miles each way, but the closest full service beach resort), Corella's Corral (Mexican food) and Mario's Pizza (Italian food) were two places where I recall getting takeout food while in Galveston. Corella's Corral was on 61st Street a few blocks inland from Seawall Boulevard. Mario's Pizza was a short walk across Seawall Boulevard from Stewart Beach. In addition to takeout, both restaurants had indoor dining. Corella's ceased operations when its owner & founder, Manuel Anthony Corella, retired from the restaurant business. Mario's, now named Mario's Seawall Italian Restaurant, is still in operation at 628 Seawall Blvd. In addition to the movie theaters at the Galvez Mall, I remember passing near a standalone movie theater that may have been located near Broadway (Ave J). What stood out in my mind about this theater is what appeared to be Spanish language marquees and other signage. Not sure if it was a single screen or double screen theater. Do not remember the theater's name, but it may have been the Martini Theater, a single screen theater (seating capacity 1188) located on 522 21st Street/Moody Avenue. It was in operation as a movie theater from 1937 to 1979. Online photographs showing the theater building's exterior size, shape, and color seem consistent with what I remember. If this is the correct theater, its location was 0.4 miles north of the intersection of Broadway/Avenue J and Moody Avenue/21st St. Most of my road traveling in Galveston was in a more or less triangular pattern on or near Broadway (Ave J), Seawall Blvd, and 61st St. Not having a detailed map of Galveston, a lot of my travel navigation on the island was by "dead reckoning." It seemed to me at the time that Stewart Beach was no more than a mile from the eastern shore of the island (the actual distance is over 2 miles). Keep in mind that this was before The Beach Club and The Trade Winds high rise condominium buildings became part of the Galveston Island skyline. During my next visit to Galveston, hopefully sooner than later, I plan to bicycle from Stewart Beach to the eastern end of Seawall Blvd and back (approx 2.2 miles each way). For a more extensive workout, I could continue the ride to the western end of Seawall Blvd. The total trip of about 12.5 miles (2.2 miles west to east + 10.3 miles total length east to west) would be easier to complete during the off season when the weather is cooler and there are fewer people out and about. Another option is to bicycle from Stewart Beach to the Galveston-Port Bolivar ferry terminal (about 1.4 miles via Ferry Rd.), ride the ferry as a walk-on passenger, and continue the bicycle ride on the Port Bolivar side to Ft. Travis Park and back to the ferry terminal (approx 1.7 miles each way). Once ashore in Galveston, ride the bike back to Stewart Beach, again via Ferry Rd.) The ferry trips each way allow ample time to cool down between trip segments. Walk-on passengers (with or without a bicycle) board the ferry first, ahead of the cars and trucks. Total road distance is approx 6.2 miles.
  18. Addendum concerning 317B: Aside from its long term stability and reliability, the Continental 317B transmitter was very compact (by 1962 standards) for its 50 KW power output. Everything but the final amplifier blower was self contained inside a set of cabinets only 12 ft. wide x 6 ft. deep x 6.5 ft. high. Its two 6673 final amplifier tubes weighed 29 lbs, each. By comparison, the RCA 50KW transmitter (installed 1949) at nearby KWKH had a set of cabinets 36 ft. wide with an external concrete vault (for fire safety) containing the 3 plate supply transformers, plate supply filter choke, modulation transformer, modulation reactor choke, and probably several other large items outside the cabinets but not in the vault including blowers, circuit breakers, etc. Its four 5671 tubes (two final amplifier tubes plus two modulator tubes) weighed 228 lbs. each. The next Continental iteration of the the 317 series, the 317C had two 4CX-35000C tetrode tubes serving as screen modulated peak and carrier final amplifiers. The 317C was the largest selling and arguably the ultimate 50 KW tube transmitter. The next RCA iteration of their 50 KW transmitter product was based on the 1936 "outphasing" modulation system invented by Chirex and marketed by RCA as "Ampliphase." This designed eliminated the modulation transformer and modulation reactor choke, and required only two 5671 tubes. Later 50 KW "Ampliphase" models had two 6673 tubes. Beginning in the 1930s, Mexican licensed "border blaster" AM radio stations operated from just across the border separating Mexico from the United States. One of these stations, XERF, Ciudad Acuna, Coahuila, Mexico (250 KW on 1570 KHz) installed a 250 KW "Ampliphase" transmitter circa early 1950s at its transmitting site across the Rio Grande from Del Rio, TX. The former XERF, now owned by the Mexican government, currently operates as the Spanish language station "La Poderosa" (100 KW on 1570 KHz). RCA also manufactured 5 KW and 10 KW "Ampliphase" transmitters. KNOE Radio, Monroe, LA (5 KW on 540 KHz) installed a 5 KW "Ampliphase" transmitter circa 1971 and promoted themselves on the air as "the sound quality leader of northeast Louisiana."
  19. Really enjoyed listening to an online posting of the 6/22/1975 Jay West air check on KILT (Houston) 610 AM. The air check date is is very close to when my then girlfriend and I were on our week-long Galveston vacation. KILT was a constant companion while in the car, the motel room (when we weren't watching TV), Stewart Beach or the motel swimming pool. I knew of many small and medium market disk jockeys who listened to various big market top 40 stations (some would take notes while they were listening) to get ideas for improving their techniques and maybe getting a shot at their own big market gig.
  20. While cleaning out and reorganizing old files at KROF Radio (1KW, 960 KHz AM), Abbeville LA, I ran across a letter from KPRC Radio (5KW, 950 KHz AM), Houston TX dated sometime in 1949. I don't remember the name or title of the sender, but it was likely the Chief Engineer or the General Manager of KPRC Radio. In the letter KPRC stated they were receiving adjacent channel interference from KROF, which is more than 200 air miles away from the Houston area. The letter goes on to say that, in their engineering staff's opinion, the problem was likely due to improper adjustment of the high-efficiency Doherty amplifier circuit in KROF's Western Electric transmitter. The more common plate modulated AM transmitters operated with only moderate overall efficiency (RF power output divided by AC line power consumed), but their tuning was not critical and unlikely to produce adjacent channel interference unless over modulated. By contrast, the high efficiency Doherty amplifier tuning was critical and required careful measurement techniques with an oscilloscope to produce a proper output without spurious, off-frequency interference. In another letter (dated circa early 1950s) from a Consulting Radio Engineering firm (probably duTreil & Associates), the writer stated that Western Electric transmitters, once they had a few years of age, "gave lots of trouble." The 1936 Doherty patent expired in 1953, the same year Western Electric closed down its broadcast division. In 1958, James Weldon modified the Doherty amplifier circuit for improved stability by operating the the carrier tube as a grounded grid (cathode driven) triode amplifier, and the peak tube as as a grounded cathode (grid driven) triode amplifier. Unlike the earlier Western Electric designs, the Weldon design in Continental Electronics 50 KW AM transmitters seldom required adjustments and was extremely stable and reliable. The Continental 317B installed at KEEL Radio, Shreveport LA (50KW day, 5KW night) in 1962 was typical of Continental Electronics products of that era.
  21. Thanks to Tumbleweed_Tx for sending label image and YouTube link for the 1976 record, MUHAMMAD ALI, performed by SIR MACK RICE. This inspired more research (which I should have done before leaving the posting) to identify the record I listened to in summer 1975 on KILT Houston TX as BLACK SUPERMAN 'MUHAMMAD ALI' , a mid-tempo reggae performed by Johnny Wakelin. Once I heard it again on YouTube, there is no doubt this is the song I remember hearing numerous times on KILT during my July 1975 vacation trip to Galveston TX. Thanks again!
  22. During my 1975 vacation trip to Galveston, my then girlfriend and I listened mostly to KILT AM in Houston TX. Typical of the AM top 40 format in large city markets, the top rated songs were played more often than those lower down on the ratings chart. Rhinestone Cowboy (Glen Campbell), Help Me Rhonda (Johnny Rivers cover of Beach Boys hit), and Black Superman "Muhammad Ali Song" (Johnny Wakelin) were played several times each hour. I remember Rhinestone Cowboy and Help Me Rhonda getting a lot of airplay on KEEL 710 Shreveport LA and WTIX 690 New Orleans LA, but don't recall how much airplay the Muhammad Ali song had on top 40 stations other than KILT. The following year (1976), I spent more time listening to KILE Galveston (1400 KHz). Its overall sound was similar to those of other medium market AM stations. At the time, KILE was a Class IV (now called Class D). All Class IV stations transmitted on designated local frequencies with 1000 watts day and 250 watts night. Also on 1400 KHz), KAOK Lake Charles LA, where I worked was 115 air miles away. Whenever we had a daytime outage at KAOK (off the air due to technical problems) KILE would be clearly audible in the Lake Charles area. This effect was less evident at night due to the power reduction of all Class IV stations to 250 watts and the increased effects of natural (QRN) and man-made (QRM) atmospheric noise. As I was driving back from Galveston at night in August 1976, the KILE 250 watt signal began to fade and get noisy after I had driven only a few miles north on I-45. Bill Carr (consulting engineer, William B. Carr and Associates), had told me this was typical for KILE, KAOK, or any other Class IV AM broadcast station transmitting at night with 250 watts. Present day Class D regulations now allow day and night operation at 1000 watts. The rationale being that co-channel interference between AM stations would remain the same but man-made and atmospheric noises would be lass noticeable due to the increased night transmitting power. In 1972, AM radio stations had 75% of the radio audience and consequent advertising revenue; in 1982 50%, and in 1988 only 25%. KEEL still operates on 710 at its original output signal parameters (50 KW directional day, 5 KW directional night, separate day and night patterns) but has a news/talk/sports format. In the 1980s WTIX (10 KW directional day, 5 KW directional night, separate day and night patterns) changed to a mixed format that lasted until Hurricane Katrina hit in 2005. The 690 frequency is now operated under a different call sign by a religious broadcaster with reduced output signal parameters. New Orleans area listeners can tune in to WTIX-FM at 94.3 MHz and anyone with internet access can listen the station on the internet. Either way, listeners can enjoy oldies from the heyday years of the original WTIX (50s, 60s, 70s) as well as many of the original PAMS jingles.
  23. In addition to the Port Holiday Mall in Galveston TX, I know of two other examples of enclosed shopping malls that were repurposed successfully rather than becoming derelict and eventually torn down: [1] Grand Boulevard Mall, a small upscale mall in Jacksonville FL was purchased by Florida State College at Jacksonville and developed into classroom and other campus facilities. Attended classes there as part of Florida public school teacher certification requirements; [2] South Park Mall, a large general purpose mall in Shreveport LA, was purchased by Summer Grove Baptist Church and developed into a full service church facility. Originally built to serve a fast growing residential area near a large Western Electric factory, the mall foundered when the factory closed down and many former employees and their families moved away.
  24. Recently watched on Blu-Ray the Galveston (2018) movie starring Ben Foster and Elle Fanning. Roy Cady (played by Foster) is a 40 year old career criminal on the run from a New Orleans LA area mob boss, Stan Pitco (played by Beau Bridges) circa 1988. He meets up with Raquel "Rocky" Arceneaux, a 19 year old call girl (played by Fanning), also on the run. Rocky persuades Roy to stop off at her former residence in Orange TX. While Roy waits in the car, she goes inside, shoots her sexually abusive stepfather (who is also the father of her 3 year old daughter), and returns with her daughter. All three characters flee to Galveston TX (Roy Cady's home town). The movie was filmed in and around Savannah GA, with Tybee Island GA standing in for Galveston TX. Tybee Island and the road and bridge connecting it to the Georgia mainland look very different from Galveston and the roads (two with bridge, one with ferry) connecting it to the Texas mainland.
  25. Beach erosion, the loss of sand deposits, is an ongoing natural process. Fortunately, the periodic dredging needed to maintain the depth of the Houston Ship Channel provides an ample amount of sand that can be used to offset beach erosion and in many cases, expand existing beaches. Sea level rise due to climate change is a more difficult problem to solve.
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